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Overview of astigmatism

Astigmatism is very much like myopia or hyperopia (short and long sightedness) meaning it’s not a disease of the eye or a health issue related to the eye. It’s a condition related to how light is refracted and focused on to the retina.

Having astigmatism means the shape of the eyeball is not spherical like a football, instead it’s curved more like a rugby ball. This difference in shape means light passing through the cornea can’t be focused on to one particular part of the eye, resulting in distorted vision.

This can cause many problems including blurry vision, headaches and eye strain.

What causes astigmatism?

The exact cause of astigmatism is unclear; however, it is believed that most people with the condition are born with it. Astigmatism can often be found alongside other eye conditions like myopia and hyperopia.

How to detect astigmatism?

The detection of astigmatism is fairly straightforward and can be done in a routine eye check-up at your optician. This is why it is so important to have regular eye test as it will ensure any issue with the eyes can be detected and treated early.

Astigmatism treatments

Astigmatism is measured in diopters. If your astigmatism is higher than 1.0 diopters than eyeglasses or contact lenses will be needed to correct your vision. Once your eye condition is examined and a prescription is obtained your optometrist will recommend the most appropriate eyewear option to meet your needs.

If contact lenses are the recommended route to manage your vision, you’ll most likely be given gas permeable lenses and soft lenses as they are usually the most comfortable. These types of contact lenses range from daily wear to ones that can stay in for up to a month before needing to be replaced. Gas permeable contact lenses are generally considered the most effective at correcting astigmatism.

A third option available to come people with astigmatism is laser eye surgery. The procedure is slightly more complicated for people with astigmatism than those with myopia or hyperopia because multiple corrections may need to be carried out, but it is still and option to consider.

The opportunity to have corrective eye surgery to eliminate the reliance on glasses or lenses is an extremely exciting and favourable prospect for a lot of people. Depending on the conditions of your eye, and a few other factors your practitioner will need to consider, a specific type of laser eye surgery will be recommended.

Is laser eye surgery for everyone?

Laser eye surgery is available to most people. In general, most people that have the procedure are very satisfied with the results, but in some cases, it may take more than session to achieve the desired outcome.

Having said that, unfortunately, there may be certain circumstances where laser eye surgery can’t be recommended or performed. The best cause of action needs to be discussed and agreed with your practitioner.

Patient who may not be suitable for laser eye surgery include:

  • Pregnant women
  • People suffering from diabetes
  • Those with autoimmune disorders such as HIV and AIDS
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • If other eye conditions like glaucoma and cataracts already exist.

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The most common procedures

LASIK

LASIK laser eye surgery is a very popular treatment and is a type of refractive surgery that corrects common sight problems like short-sightedness, far-sightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia.

It works by reshaping the cornea to focus light entering the eye on to the retina. This achieves the desired outcome and gives you clearer vision.

SMILE laser eye surgery

SMILE is a minimally-invasive laser eye treatment. It’s carried out to correct short-sightedness and is available for people with or without astigmatism.

It’s a versatile procedure that can be used to treat patients with high prescriptions, dry eyes, thinner than usual corneas and those who cannot use contact lenses.

PRK laser eye surgery

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) is a type of refractive surgery that uses lasers to correct vision.

It works by using of a laser to correct the curvature of the cornea’s surface to improve normal vision. This results in eliminating the reliance on glasses or contact lenses to see clearly.

LASEK

As with other laser eye procedures, LASEK reshapes the cornea with the use of a laser. This allows light entering the eye to be focused on to the retina, improving vision and eliminating the reliance on glasses or contact lenses to see clearly.

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Make an enquiry to speak to a member of our patient assistance team

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Medical Tourism

Travelling abroad for medical treatments can bring with it many advantages. Some of the biggest worries many people have when seeking treatment is the time it takes to have the treatment and how much it will cost. The flexibly of travelling to access good quality treatment means treatments can often be carried out when it suits the patient, and the patient can save money. Having said that, cost should be a part of the consideration, but not the only consideration when choosing a care provider.

As a medical travel facilitator we currently work with highly experienced care providers in Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Turkey.

Need Assistance?

Make an enquiry to speak to a member of our patient assistance team

  • Get a personalised quote for free
  • Free specialist assessment
  • Priority access to appointments

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Tell us what you are looking for

Finding a hospital or clinic to perform your treatment isn’t always easy and can be very stressful. Tell us what you’re looking for and we’ll contact care providers for you, requesting information and quotes, and helping to arrange your treatment.

Copyright MHC Digital © 2019. . All rights reserved. | Mhc Digital does not provide medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. The information on this site is designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her existing doctor.

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