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Overview: Myopia

Myopia is an eye conditions often referred to as short-sightedness and is one of the most common problems of the eye.

In recent years there has been an increase in the number of people diagnosed with myopia. Studies in the US have shown an increase in the proportion of the population who have been diagnosed short-sightedness. In the 1970s it is believed around 25% of the US population had myopia. This has since increased to over 40% in the 2000s.

Some eye experts feel the increase in the number of people with myopia is to do with eye fatigue caused by modern technologies like computers and televisions, in addition to genetic predisposition to myopia.

What are the signs of myopia?

If you have myopia, typically you will find it quite difficult to read things that are far away, like road signs, but will be comfortable seeing things that a close by, like a book or a computer screen.

Other symptoms of myopia may include tiredness, headaches and squinting. Typically, these symptoms will go away with the use of glasses. If they persist even with glasses, then speak to an optician.

What causes myopia?

Myopia can occur for a number of reasons. Firstly, the eyeball can be too long in proportion to the focusing ability of the cornea and lens. This can prevent the light entering the eye from landing on the surface of the retina, which in turns can distort the image.

Secondly, myopia can also be caused by the over curvature of the lens and/or cornea, which can affect how light is focused into the eye.

Some people may be affected by a combination of these factors.

Getting your eyes tested

If you’re experiencing any problems or difficulty with your visions you should visit an option to get it checked. Eyes need to be checked routinely to maintain their well-being.

If diagnosed with myopia, the appropriate steps can be taken to correct your vision with the use off glasses, contact lenses or laser correction surgery.

Is laser eye surgery for everyone?

Laser eye surgery is available to most people. In general, most people that have the procedure are very satisfied with the results, but in some cases, it may take more than session to achieve the desired outcome.

Having said that, unfortunately, there may be certain circumstances where laser eye surgery can’t be recommended or performed. The best cause of action needs to be discussed and agreed with your practitioner.

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Myopia treatments

Depending on the degree of your myopia, a lot of people use contact lenses and eye glasses to see clearly. The condition of your eye will also determine whether corrective lenses will need to be used all the time or as and when required, for example when driving.

For some people though, the opportunity to have corrective eye surgery, so as not to need glasses at all, is an extremely exciting and favourable prospect. Refractive surgery can reduce or eliminate the reliance on corrective lenses. Depending on the conditions of your eye, and a few other factors your practitioner will need to consider, a specific type of laser eye surgery will be carried out.

The most common procedures include:                

LASIK

LASIK laser eye surgery is a very popular treatment and is a type of refractive surgery that corrects common sight problems like short-sightedness, far-sightedness, astigmatism and presbyopia.

It works by reshaping the cornea to focus light entering the eye on to the retina. This achieves the desired outcome and gives you clearer vision.

SMILE laser eye surgery

SMILE is a minimally-invasive laser eye treatment. It’s carried out to correct short-sightedness and is available for people with or without astigmatism.

It’s a versatile procedure that can be used to treat patients with high prescriptions, dry eyes, thinner than usual corneas and those who cannot use contact lenses.

PRK laser eye surgery

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK) is a type of refractive surgery that uses lasers to correct vision.

It works by using of a laser to correct the curvature of the cornea’s surface to improve normal vision. This results in eliminating the reliance on glasses or contact lenses to see clearly.

LASEK

As with other laser eye procedures, LASEK reshapes the cornea with the use of a laser. This allows light entering the eye to be focused on to the retina, improving vision and eliminating the reliance on glasses or contact lenses to see clearly.

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Medical Tourism

Travelling abroad for medical treatments can bring with it many advantages. Some of the biggest worries many people have when seeking treatment is the time it takes to have the treatment and how much it will cost. The flexibly of travelling to access good quality treatment means treatments can often be carried out when it suits the patient, and the patient can save money. Having said that, cost should be a part of the consideration, but not the only consideration when choosing a care provider.

As a medical travel facilitator we currently work with highly experienced care providers in Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, and Turkey.

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